Psilocybe semilanceata belongs to the Psilocybe genus. It is a hallucinogenic fungus and is often found in regions with high rainfall, in the grass and moss. There are estimated to be eight hallucinogenic Psilocybe species; Psilocybe semilanceata is the most notorious. Psychoactive alkaloids, such as psilocybin, can cause hallucinations, including visual, auditory in addition to extreme changes in the perception of time and space. The earliest observation of intoxication by Psilocybe semilanceata was in London, England in 1799.
In the USA Psilocybe semilanceata is known as Liberty Cap. The genus Psilocybe means smooth head, and this refers to the smooth and scale-less cap. Semi- refers to half and -lanceata means spear-shaped; this is in reference to the appearance of the spear-like shape of the mushroom.
Psilocybe semilanceata was first described by Elias Magnus Fries in 1838, a Swedish mycologist. At this time, he named it Agaricus semilanceatus however, in 1871 it was re-named Psilocybe semilanceata by Paul Kummer, a German mycologist.
Psilocybin and psilocin containing mushrooms are illegal in South Africa. Spore prints and syringes of magic mushroom are provided for microscopy purposes only. To comply with legal regulations we cannot give advice on growing or cultivation of magic mushrooms, nor can we provide magic mushroom grow kits. Our spores and cultures are all guaranteed viable and thus it is up to the consumer to use them responsibly. We do not provide advice on growing magic mushrooms in South Africa any advice given is specific to edible and medicinal mushrooms.